What is Silver? Basics and Best Ways to Buy and Sell It!

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What is Silver?

Silver (Ag) is a chemical element that is shiny in appearance and has been valued throughout the ages for its beauty and high conductivity. It is classified in Group 11 (Ib) in the Periodic Table and is located between period 4 element copper and period 6 element gold. In general, the physical and chemical properties attributed to silver fall between that of copper and gold, making it one of the most versatile metals. Silver is an energy transition metal having atomic number 47. 

It offers a smooth texture, and it has a white and glistening look. Thus, silver possesses highly valuable characteristics, such as the highest electrical and thermal conductivity and reflectivity among all metals, which make it all the more suitable for use in industries.

Industrial Uses of Silver

While answering – What is Silver, you also must know about its properties and uses! 

Due to its unique properties, silver is a versatile metal that is commonly applied in numerous industries. Here are some of its most popular industrial applications:

  1. Conductive Properties

Due to its superior conductivity, silver is employed in today’s technology and electronics like TVs, Smartphones, and Hybrid Cars.

  1. Solar Energy

Silver is used in photovoltaic cells for solar energy production where sunlight is converted to power for use in daily activities as well as powering the growing electric car charging stations.

  1. Medical Industry

Silver has displayed bacteriostatic effects, making it useful in clinical uses ranging from bandages to even intravascular catheters and endotracheal tubes.

  1. Food Preservation

Due to its antimicrobial features, silver is used in water purification and food processing to eliminate bacteria, fungi, and some viruses. Silver is occasionally used in refrigeration units for this reason.

  1. Alloys and Solders

The most valuable application of silver is in alloys and solders, usually containing copper, which increases its tensile strength, wear resistance, and anti-tarnishing properties. This is why it is best suited for kitchen utensil applications so as to keep up their dazzling sheen even after use.

How is Silver Mined?

Now that you have an idea of What is Silver, let’s understand its mining process.

Information gathered from Britannica indicates that while there are ores with silver as the principal content, there is hardly any that is made pure of silver. Usually, a conventional ore may have 0. 085% silver, 0. 5% lead, 0. 5% copper, and 0. 3% antimony, making it mainly composed of other precious metals on average.

The process of extracting silver through metallurgical refinement varies according to the type of metal present in the ore: copper, zinc, or lead.

Mining silver can be done through both the open pit as well as the underground mining process. As is common with most natural resource mining processes, open-pit mining is not as financially intensive as other methods since it involves the removal of mineral deposits that are closer to the surface of the earth. It is used mainly for lower-grade ores with low silver concentrations and has high costs of production.

Meanwhile, underground mining is more costly due to tunnel creation beneath the surface of the earth. This method demands certain equipment and, in turn, is prone to higher risks; thus, it is costly. It is mostly employed in the extraction of valuable minerals with high economic value.

4 Ways to Invest in Silver

Here are some top means of how to buy silver-

  1. Physical Silver

Buying physical silver means buying the physical metal in the form of bullion bars, rounds, or officially issued coins. However, owning physical silver is as simple as holding physical gold, but some factors one must consider are shipping costs, storage, and security. 

While items like silver jewelry or housewares hold value, their investment potential can be complicated due to the subjective valuation of craftsmanship and the addition of other materials, like copper, to strengthen the metal.

Investing in silver bullion is a great idea if you do not want to enter into price fluctuations or complexities of silver stocks.

  1. Silver Stocks

Silver stocks are a form of investment in the silver market that does not require the actual metal. This can be done by buying stocks in business enterprises whose operations are linked to the silver market so as to take advantage of the existing market patterns. Although it involves investing in single stocks, it is comparatively volatile due to the effect of firm-specific shocks like production delays or strikes.

  1. Silver Funds

Silver mutual funds allow the investors to buy silver in the form of some other entity that, in turn, holds the silver on behalf of the investor. Some of them are exchange-traded funds (ETFs), making it easy for investors to purchase and hold them through brokerage or retirement platforms. However, management fees charged on these funds must also be taken into consideration by investors, and taxes on these assets are slightly different from taxes on stocks.

  1. Silver Futures

Buying contracts for the future delivery of silver means making agreements to receive the precious metal after a specific date. These futures contracts are traded in the commodity futures exchanges, meaning that investors can purchase and sell them. Futures trading is more complex and involves certain risks, such as possible losses, more than the initial investment. Futures trading is a relatively complex area, and thus, one needs to understand it before diving into it as an investor.

How to Buy Silver

Purchasing physical silver may be a bit different than other forms of investment because it entails factors such as storage and security. For example, when you wonder, How much is 1 oz of silver worth?  you can look up the spot price, which gives a baseline for fair pricing.

Here are the basic steps of how to buy silver:

  1. Find a Trusted Dealer

If interested in buying precious metals, then it is important to seek the services of a reputable dealer as there are con artists around every corner. You must ensure that you work with a dealer whose background is well-established. There are some brokerage services for investment that can provide metals to their clients, or your financial planner may suggest a few dealers. During the evaluation of a good dealer, you can use trusted tools such as the National Futures Association’s Background Affiliation Status Information Center. Check the dealer’s Google or Trust Pilot review to understand their operations better.

  1. Watch for Fees

Remember that you cannot buy silver for the current spot price. Most silver dealers add their profit margin to spot prices. When you are just starting to buy silver, try to get price quotations from different sellers to check the prices. Deal with the dealer offering the lowest premiums!

  1. Store Your Silver

It is also recommended that you keep your silver safe to avoid misplacement or theft. Two options are buying a safe or getting a safe deposit box in a bank.

  1. Consider Insurance

Although it entails a bit of cost, insurance can help to cover your investment in the event of a loss or destruction of your silver.

These are important procedures to follow when purchasing physical silver and safeguarding your investment. Mostly, try to do business with the dealers who offer fully insured shipping.


Silver investment and physical silver products offer investors unique opportunities for diversification and portfolio protection. Silver, with its historical correlation to large company stocks and distinct performance from gold, provides a valuable addition to investment portfolios seeking to balance risk and return. 

So as you understand what is silver, you learn how beneficial it is to invest in silver bullion. Physical silver items, including bullion bars or government-minted coins, offer tangible assets that can serve as a hedge against economic uncertainty and inflation. 

While investing in physical silver requires careful consideration of storage and security, it offers a straightforward way to gain exposure to the precious metal market.