Largest Cities by Population 2024

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Large cities are hubs of culture, economic activity and politics that draw in residents from all around the globe. Their large size and diverse populations draw people together from diverse backgrounds.

Population trends within large cities fluctuate due to migration, birth rates and mortality rates; some cities experience rapid expansion while others dwindle quickly. Here are the 10 largest cities by population as of 2024.

1. New York City

New York City is a global center of commerce and culture and the most populous city in the US, drawing in many people with its bustling neighborhoods filled with life.

New York City boasts an incredibly diverse population and is currently growing faster than the national average. International migration into the city declined during COVID-19 pandemic but rebounded thereafter; furthermore, New York has the largest Jewish community outside Israel and boasts religious diversity within its city limits, along with an increase in self-identifying gay and bisexual residents.

2. Los Angeles

New York, Los Angeles and Chicago all boast cities with populations exceeding one million residents, yet none of these cities has seen continued population growth over the past several years. Instead, many Americans have moved towards more affordable cities with warmer climates such as Phoenix, San Antonio or Jacksonville Florida for living reasons.

California has historically seen consistent population growth over its history; if California starts losing more people than it gains, however, its population could start declining and cause great alarm. This would mark a dramatic departure from this longstanding pattern of steady expansion.

3. Tokyo

Tokyo, the Japanese capital and financial center, offers busy shopping and entertainment districts with historic temples and gardens as its centerpiece.

Once known as Edo, Tokyo experienced rapid expansion following Emperor Meiji’s move to Tokyo and implementation of reforms. These measures centralised the economy while simultaneously spurring development in terms of railway lines, paved roads and brick buildings.

After World War II, Tokyo was rebuilt and later hosted the 1964 Summer Olympic Games. Since then, its population has steadily increased – with workers and students arriving to balance out its aging demographic.

4. Shanghai

Shanghai is an expansive metropolis home to over 24.1 million residents. As one of China’s premier expat destinations, this vibrant metropolis provides ample opportunity for expats to find communities of common interest ranging from running clubs and capoeira classes to board game groups and language exchange programs.

Shanghai, as a bustling megacity, embodies an ideal mix of Eastern and Western trends, and serves as one of the country’s major expat hubs. Home to numerous high-tech firms as well as being an important port and financial center. Furthermore, natural birth rates remain relatively low despite rapid population growth in this vibrant metropolis.

5. Beijing

China’s capital city, Beijing, boasts an enviable economy and ranks among the fastest-growing cities worldwide. Beijing also stands as an epicenter for science and technology innovation with several top-ranked universities and numerous research centers dotted throughout its borders.

Transportation systems like subway and monorail networks make getting around convenient and accessible, with iconic sites like the Forbidden City, Great Wall and Temple of Heaven serving as reminders of its rich culture and heritage. Meanwhile, its vibrant arts scene and delicious street food offer a captivating mix of ancient and contemporary culture and cuisine.

6. Delhi

Cities face mounting population pressures that require them to provide services while managing traffic, housing and pollution issues effectively. Finding solutions will be essential in shaping their futures as urban centers.

Delhi, also known as the National Capital Territory of India (NCT), is home to more than 18.8 million residents and its population is projected to continue growing.

Economic activity in this city is strong, with key industries including information technology, hotels, media and banking being of key significance to its economy. Furthermore, it is an attractive tourist destination and hosts many international events each year; moreover it boasts an extremely multicultural society with an enviable heritage.

7. Mumbai

Mumbai, commonly referred to as Bombay, is India’s most populous city and its population has experienced explosive growth over time due to both migration and natural expansion.

Mumbai real estate is at a premium, leading many residents to live in overcrowded conditions and contributes to a high skewed sex ratio: for every 1000 boys born there are 899 girls.

Although population has seen rapid growth, housing, transport and water infrastructure has not kept pace – leaving millions living in overcrowded slums that often lack electricity and provide limited supplies of water.

8. Osaka

Osaka is often considered Japan’s second city and serves as an economic center, home to multiple multinational corporations and hosting the inaugural Expo back in 1970.

Osaka Bay can be seen from the western side of Osaka City, while it is bordered by Sakai and Hirakata cities.

Kita and Minami are two main centers within Tokyo, respectively. Kita contains commercial centers such as Umeda, shopping districts such as Shinsaibashi and Dotonbori as well as numerous observation platforms like Tsutenkaku and Abeno Harukas.

9. Singapore

Singapore’s population reached 5.92 million as of June 2023, rebounding from declines during the COVID-19 pandemic. Both citizen and permanent resident populations experienced growth while non-resident populations rose due to an increase in work pass holders within construction, marine shipyard and process industries.

Mexico City is a vibrant metropolitan hub that blends rich history, vibrant culture, and vibrant urban life into one dynamic destination. From its historic center UNESCO World Heritage listed landmarks and world-class museums to low fertility rates that drive immigration growth – Mexico City truly stands out among global cities!

10. Tokyo-Yokohama

Yokohama was one of the first Japanese ports to open to foreign trade when it opened for international business in 1859, and today remains popular with expats for its vibrant Chinatown and culinary offerings.

Yokohama is home to many global electronics manufacturers and R&D sites, as well as small and medium-sized companies that support them, providing it with access to human resources with technical know-how. Furthermore, JR train lines serve the city well.